Evidence of Things Seen: A Pair of Madras Portraits in Watercolour This is a long, very long, write-up about a minor triumph resulting from staring and squinting at a pair of portraits, a meandering and discursive excursion in identifying the sitters. The portraits in question are a pair of watercolours that I won at an auction in the US last year. When I saw the online auction listing my eyes popped out and the overwhelming question was “Who dis dude in the first portrait? Surely a Madras merchant? That much was apparent because the artist was Simon Fonceca, a leading Madras artist of the time, the ‘s. And the view through the window in the first portrait suggested a possible Madras location. A few mouse clicks and I had made my high bid, or so I thought, and spent in suspense the few days until the auction. The items did fall to me but right at the maximum of my absentee bid whereas I had expected to knock them down at about a a fourth or even a fifth of that level. The auction house is a highly respected one and they had certainly not run my bid to its maximum.
Anti-miscegenation laws Laws banning “race-mixing” were enforced in certain U. All these laws primarily banned marriage between persons of different racially or ethnically defined groups, which was termed “amalgamation” or “miscegenation” in the U. The laws in Nazi Germany and laws in many U. In the United States, various state laws prohibited marriages between whites and blacks, and in many states they also prohibited marriages between whites and Native Americans or Asians.
From until , 30 out of the then 48 states enforced such laws. Virginia that anti-miscegenation laws are unconstitutional.
Jun 08, · Your local pharmacy, Hometown Drugs in Madras, Oregon, is featuring their app for their current and potential customers. With the use of this app, you have the convenient ability to refill your prescriptions quickly and easily.2/5(1).
Aug 22, , Despite its metamorphosis from a colonial town to a metropolis, the present city is probably closer to what it was in But celebration of this date does not mean it did not exist before that. There is no denying that the area known as Tondaimandalam existed long ago. Inscriptions at the Parthasarathy Swamy temple in Triplicane, Thiruvidanthai temple in Thiruvottiyur, stone inscriptions at Santhome point to kingdoms dating back to the 7th and 11th century. Thus the antiquity of the place is not under question but only the year of founding of a new settlement named Madrasapatnam that later grew to be the city of Madras.
As renowned scholars they knew there was a civilization around Madras. But the fact remains, a small area north of where the Cooum empties into the Bay of Bengal, was given as a grant by the Naik of Poonamallee a representative of Rajah of Chandragheri , to Francis Day to set up a trading post on August 22, , in which the identification of the place is made as Madrasapatnam.
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular. Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.
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The modern city grew from Fort St. George, named after the legendary “soldier of Christ” who was regarded as the special patron of British soldiers. Francis Day and Andrew Cogan, the East India Company factors, purchased approximately 2 square miles 5 square kilometers of the sandy fishing village of Mandaraz Chennaipattinam from the local governor of the South Indian Vijayanagar kingdom. In time it was to grow into a metropolis of roughly 66 square miles square kilometers with a population of over 7 million, the fourth-largest city of modern India.
Before coming under British control, Madras, or Chennnaipaatinan—from which the city acquired its present Tamil name, Chennai—had been a popular trading port in the spice and cotton trade, frequented by Portuguese and Dutch merchants in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Madras’s primacy in maritime trade made it a contentious city among the European colonial powers.
The French East India Company Compagnie des Indes Orientales , founded in , set up its headquarters a decade later at Pondicherry, about 85 miles kilometers south of Madras on the Coromandal coast. Thus ensued the Anglo-French rivalry for the control of the Carnatic kingdom, with its capital at Arcot on the Palar River, 65 miles kilometers southwest of Madras. Arcot played an important part in the Carnatic Wars that ensued between the French and British trading companies during the eighteenth century.
Robert Clive , who later became governor of Bengal, captured Arcot from the French in with only a small force of about British and Indian soldiers. This compelled the French to give up their siege of the British-held town of Trichinopoly now Tiruchirappalli. The French and their Indian allies, numbering 10, , then laid siege to Clive’s forces in Arcot. Clive and his small army defeated the French.
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It’s official: life is more stressful for women Kathy Lette. It seems stress is a woman’s lot but a bit of Scottish reeling might be the solution.
During the early years of the Madras Presidency, the English were repeatedly attacked by the Mughals, the Marathas and the Nawabs of Golkonda and the Carnatic region. The last quarter of the 18th century was a period of rapid expansion. Successful wars against Tipu Sultan —99 , Velu Thambi, Polygars and Ceylon added vast areas of land and contributed to the exponential growth of the Presidency.
Newly conquered Ceylon formed part of the Madras Presidency between and Thanjavur was annexed in , following the death of Shivaji II — who left no male heir. Legislative powers were given to the Governor’s council under the Indian Councils Act Sadagopacharlu —63 was the first Indian to be appointed to the council.
A number of roads, railways, dams and canals were constructed during this period. These famines and alleged partiality shown by the government in handling the Chingleput Ryots’ Case and the Salem riots trial caused discontent among the population. The first political organisation in the province, the Madras Native Association, was established by Gazulu Lakshminarasu Chetty on 26 February Of the 72 delegates who participated in the first session of the Indian National Congress at Bombay in December , 22 hailed from the Madras Presidency.
The third session of the Indian National Congress was held in Madras in December  and was a huge success attended by delegates from the province. Olcott moved the headquarters of the Theosophical Society to Adyar in Nationalistic newspapers such as The Hindu , the Swadesamitran and the Mathrubhumi actively endorsed the campaign for independence.
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Updated list of gay cruising places in Chennai Last updated on 15th December Being a single gay man in this city, that is unafraid of exploring the city’s deepest and darkest corners, here is a list of places from my experiences where you stand a real high chance of meeting the man you’d like to indulge in: Railway stations used to be a buzzing place of male sexual activity. However, with the recent events and the new Government, things have drastically changed and the platforms are not safe anymore to indulge in any kind of mild or hardcore sexual activity.
So, if someone is telling you Guindy station, St. Thomas Mount station, Villivakkam station, Trisulam station, then they are referring to and not Do NOT risk going and searching for men in these places. The trains however haven’t changed all that much. The vendors compartment used to be a place of high sexual activity in the nights but now that has changed too. If you need to pick up men, go to the first compartment and start near the door. The old, almost in ruins theatre opposite T.
Nagar busstand is still a place where men of the really local class go for a blowjob. This place is feeming with sexual activity especially in the evenings. Beware of the management that sends some local goons to beat up people indulging in sex to keep a check. It is not too often and the guys who come with sticks are generally very dumb.
Here are some tips. This though can only be a guide to a date – it is not an exact science and some backstamps were used for many, many years. Learning about styles and shapes can also help date pieces, particularly on the older pieces from the early s when many were not marked. In the book you will find over backstamps described.
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The word balti can be translated as “bucket” i. A balti pan is basically a karahi which has the shape of a Chinese wok but with 2 small round handles on either side of the pan instead of one long handle. In specialist “Balti Houses” the balti is a meal in itself which contains both meat and vegetables and is eaten straight from the karahi using curled up pieces of nan bread. In standard Indian restaurants the balti is more of a stir-fried curry containing plenty of fried green peppers and fresh coriander cilantro.
The dish “bhuna” is an extension of that process where meat is added to the spices and then cooked in its own juices which results in deep strong flavours but very little sauce. The restaurant bhuna is a well spiced curry with a thick sauce. It is often garnished with fried green peppers bell peppers and shredded onions. Usually medium hot although I have had some pretty hot ones in my time.
Biryani originated in Persia and, at its simplest, was rice and meat baked together in the oven. The cooks to the Moghul emperors took the biryani and transformed it into a courtly delicacy by adding aromatic spices and other exotic ingredients. Traditionally, biryanis are baked in the oven for some time so the aromatic spices and juices from the meat permeate the rice. In the Indian restaurant, however, all the dishes are made to order and the poor chef has to find a way of preparing the biryani in double quick time.
So the restaurant biryani is often just pilau rice stir fried with chicken or lamb which has been cooked as an extra dry bhuna.
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July 25, The issues from to were kept bound at Connemara. Singaravelu, the librarian called me when he spotted them. During her heritage walks, she invites passers-by to learn about their neighbourhood, its historicity. One of the oft-repeated incidents in her life is about her marriage at the age of 13 to Subbarama Swaminathan, 20 years her senior.
When he proposed, she counter-proposed: She was elected to the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Born in to Justice Kathiresa Subramaniam in Jaffna, she came to Madras as a teenager after she was offered a movie role. The movie Ahalya bombed.
The official listing by place of finish of the competitors in an event. It includes the Official Time and any Points scored, as well as Disqualifications. Host Teams usually also include in the results any Time Standards achieved by the swimmers. Chennai is the fourth most populous metropolitan area and the fifth most populous city in India.
Peugeot mills are renowned by chefs and gourmet cooks the word over for the consistent grind results they produce, their incredible resilience and proven reliability. Compromise is not a word that fits into the Peugeot vocabulary.
Currently, I’m focused on the high precision geochronology and U-TH/HE dating and LA ICP MS studies of Meghalaya rock units exposed along the northeast of india.
George, the first major English settlement in India and the foundation stone of Chennai St. According to the Archaeological Survey of India ASI , Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. During the 1st century CE , a poet and weaver named Thiruvalluvar lived in the town of Mylapore a neighbourhood of present Chennai.
They also defeated several kingdoms including the Cheras , Cholas and Pandyas who ruled over the area before their arrival. Sculpted caves and paintings have been identified from that period. A portion of these findings belonged to the Vijayanagara Empire , which ruled the region during the medieval period. In , the Dutch established themselves near Pulicat , north of Chennai.